Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Aims at improving mood, anxiety, and stress by teaching clients how to change their negative automatic thoughts and behaviors to more positive thoughts and functional behaviors. It is most effective with anxiety and depression.
Internal Family Systems Therapy
Everyone has different parts of themselves. This mindfulness-based therapy developed by Richard Schwartz proposes that some of these parts are “Exiles,” which hold unacceptable or unsafe feelings and memories, may be wounded by trauma, and need to be healed. The “Self,” on the other hand, is calm, compassionate, curious, clear, courageous, and creative. As the Self connects with the parts of the person that are wounded, integration occurs through empathy and compassion.
A body-oriented talking therapy developed in the 1980s by Pat Ogden, Ph.D., and enriched by the contributions from the neurobiological research on trauma. Sensorimotor work blends cognitive and emotional approaches, verbal dialogue, and physical interventions that directly address the neurobiological effects of trauma: autonomic dysregulation, missing resources and defensive responses, somatic implicit memories, and disorganized attachments. By using bodily experience as the primary entry point in therapy, we attend first to how the body is processing information and then to emotional and cognitive meaning-making.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a complex and powerful method of psychotherapy that has helped millions of people of all ages relieve many types of psychological distress. Using eye movements, tapping, or alternating sounds in headphones, EMDR can reduce the intensity of disturbing thoughts under certain conditions and has been successful in treating victims of trauma. EMDR is also used to enhance performance and develop psychological resources.
EMDR has a direct effect on the way the brain processes information. After EMDR, information processing is normalized, and a person feels relief when the event is brought to mind. EMDR can be thought of as a physiologically based therapy that helps a person see distressing material in a new way.